X-ray computed tomography imaging of a tumor with high sensitivity using gold nanoparticles conjugated to a cancer-specific antibody via polyethylene glycol chains on their surface

Tomohiko Nakagawa, Kohsuke Gonda, Takashi Kamei, Liman Cong, Yoh Hamada, Narufumi Kitamura, Hiroshi Tada, Takanori Ishida, Takuji Aimiya, Naoko Furusawa, Yasushi Nakano, Noriaki Ohuchi

研究成果: Article査読

28 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Contrast agents are often used to enhance the contrast of X-ray computed tomography (CT) imaging of tumors to improve diagnostic accuracy. However, because the iodine-based contrast agents currently used in hospitals are of low molecular weight, the agent is rapidly excreted from the kidney or moves to extravascular tissues through the capillary vessels, depending on its concentration gradient. This leads to nonspecific enhancement of contrast images for tissues. Here, we created gold (Au) nanoparticles as a new contrast agent to specifically image tumors with CT using an enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect. Au has a higher X-ray absorption coefficient than does iodine. Au nanoparticles were supported with polyethylene glycol (PEG) chains on their surface to increase the blood retention and were conjugated with a cancer-specific antibody via terminal PEG chains. The developed Au nanoparticles were injected into tumor-bearing mice, and the distribution of Au was examined with CT imaging, transmission electron microscopy, and elemental analysis using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry. The results show that specific localization of the developed Au nanoparticles in the tumor is affected by a slight difference in particle size and enhanced by the conjugation of a specific antibody against the tumor.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)387-397
ページ数11
ジャーナルScience and Technology of Advanced Materials
17
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2016 1 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 材料科学(全般)

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