Background - Phase-contrast x-ray imaging using an x-ray interferometer has great potential to reveal the structures inside soft tissues, because the sensitivity of this method to hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen is ≈ 1000 times higher than that of the absorption-contrast x-ray method. Imaging of vessels is very important to understand the vascular distribution of organs and tumors, so the possibility of selective angiography based on phase contrast is examined with a physiological material composed of low-atomic-number elements. Methods and Results - Phase-contrast x-ray imaging was performed with a synchrotron x-ray source. Differences in refractive index, dδ, of physiological saline, lactated Ringer's solution, 5% glucose, artificial blood such as pyridoxylated hemoglobin-polyoxyethylene conjugate, and perfluorotributylamine were measured. Because the dδ of physiological saline has highest contrast, it was used for the phase-contrast x-ray imaging of vessel, and this was compared with absorption-contrast x-ray images. Vessels >0.03 mm in diameter of excised liver from rats and a rabbit were revealed clearly in phase-contrast x-ray imaging, whereas the vessel could not be revealed at all by the absorption-contrast x-ray image. Absorption-contrast x-ray images with iodine microspheres depicted only portal veins >0.1 mm in diameter with nearly the same x-ray dose as the present phase-contrast x-ray imaging. Conclusions - Phase-contrast x-ray imaging explored clear depiction of the vessels using physiological saline with small doses of x-rays.
|出版ステータス||Published - 2002 4 9|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)