With a mind to superconductivity (SC) arising in Sr2RuO4, we study a Hubbard model on square lattice including second-neighbor hopping t′, using an optimization variational Monte Carlo method. As a pairing state, we have chosen dx2 - y2 (d) wave for singlet and px (p)-wave for triplet pairing state. In the trial wave functions, a doublon-holon binding effect is introduced in addition to the onsite Gutzwiller projection. By calculating condensation energies of the SC states, we found that when t′ = -0.4t, the d-wave state is stabilized against the normal state for 0.6 < n < 1. On the other hand, p-wave state is never stabilized in this regime. Based on this result, it is difficult to understand a spin-triplet state simply from the single-band Hubbard model with onsite Coulomb interaction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering