Background: Validation of single nucleotide variations in whole-genome sequencing is critical for studying disease-related variations in large populations. A combination of different types of next-generation sequencers for analyzing individual genomes may be an efficient means of validating multiple single nucleotide variations calls simultaneously.Results: Here, we analyzed 12 independent Japanese genomes using two next-generation sequencing platforms: the Illumina HiSeq 2500 platform for whole-genome sequencing (average depth 32.4×), and the Ion Proton semiconductor sequencer for whole exome sequencing (average depth 109×). Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) calls based on the Illumina Human Omni 2.5-8 SNP chip data were used as the reference. We compared the variant calls for the 12 samples, and found that the concordance between the two next-generation sequencing platforms varied between 83% and 97%.Conclusions: Our results show the versatility and usefulness of the combination of exome sequencing with whole-genome sequencing in studies of human population genetics and demonstrate that combining data from multiple sequencing platforms is an efficient approach to validate and supplement SNP calls.
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