Urocortin 1 in colonic mucosa in patients with ulcerative colitis

Masayuki Saruta, Kazuhiro Takahashi, Takashi Suzuki, Akira Torii, Makio Kawakami, Hironobu Sasano

研究成果: Article査読

81 被引用数 (Scopus)


Ulcerative colitis (UC) is characterized by a long-standing chronic inflammation of the bowel with intermittent periods of exacerbation and remission. Its acute exacerbation appears to be related to various stresses. Urocortin 1 (Ucn1) may play important roles in integrated local responses to stress. We therefore examined local production of Ucn1 in patients with UC by immunohistochemistry and mRNA in situ hybridization. Ucn1 immunoreactivity was predominantly detected in lamina propria plasma cells and enterochromaffin cells. In UC patients without glucocorticoid treatment, Ucn1-positive cells and plasma cells increased in proportion to the severity of inflammation (P < 0.0001). Ucn1-positive cells significantly increased in UC patients with advanced inflammatory grades, compared with a control group (P < 0.0001) and nonspecific colitis group (P < 0.0001). In glucocorticoid-treated patients, Ucn1-positive cells were significantly lower in number, compared with the nonglucocorticoid-treated group. Ucn1 mRNA was expressed in lamina propria plasma cells, and both corticotropin-releasing factor1 and corticotropin-releasing factor2(a) mRNAs were also partially coexpressed in these cells and macrophages. The present study showed that Ucn1-positive cells were correlated with the severity of inflammation in colonic mucosa with UC, and glucocorticoid treatment decreased these cells. Ucn1 therefore may act as a possible local immune-inflammatory mediator in UC.

ジャーナルJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
出版ステータスPublished - 2004 11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 内分泌学、糖尿病および代謝内科学
  • 生化学
  • 内分泌学
  • 臨床生化学
  • 生化学、医学


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