PSF1 is a subunit of the GINS complex that functions along with the MCM2-7 complex and Cdc45 in eukaryotic DNA replication. Although mammalian PSF1 is predominantly expressed in highly proliferating cells and organs, little is known about the roles of PSF1 in mature cells or cancer cells. We found that PSF1 was expressed at relatively high levels in breast tumor cells, but at low levels in normal breast cells. Knockdown of PSF1 expression using small interfering RNA (siRNA) slowed the growth of breast cancer cell lines by delaying DNA replication but did not affect proliferation of normal human mammary epithelial cells. Reduced PSF1 expression also inhibited anchorage-independent growth in breast cancer cell lines. These results suggest that PSF1 over-expression is specifically involved in breast cancer cell growth. Therefore, PSF1 inhibition might provide new therapeutic approaches for breast cancer.
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