Microwave perturbation results in lower microwave absorption because of plasma vibrations and pulses in an electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) plasma. Moreover, the parabolic 875 G equimagnetic field and the nonuniform magnetic field gradient causes nonuniform microwave absorption. Then, magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) plasma instability is generated in the ECR plasma. Accurate control of magnetic field profiles and microwave conditions for uniform and efficient microwave absorption is essential to the achievement of stable ECR plasma generation for precise anisotropic etching.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)