Ultrafast Electronic and Molecular Dynamics Induced by Ultrashort FEL Pulses

Kiyoshi Ueda

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

In recent years, short wavelength free electron lasers (FELs) have opened up access to ultrafast electronic and structural dynamics in matter. Currently, four FEL facilities are in operation in the world. FLASH [1] in Germany and FERMI [2] in Italy cover the range from extreme ultraviolet (EUV) to soft X-rays, while LCLS [3] in the U.S. and SACLA [4] in Japan provide pulses in the hard X-ray regime. In addition, an upgrade version of SCSS [5], nicknamed SCSS+, has also just started user operation as a beamline of SACLA [6]. These FELs deliver coherent pulses combining unprecedented power densities up to ~1020 W/cm2 and extremely short pulse durations down to a few femtoseconds. The intense coherent FEL pulse focused down to ~1 μm2 makes single-shot diffractive imaging of nano-crystals or even non-crystallized bio-samples as well as other small objects a reality. Time-resolved spectroscopic and structural studies on the timescale of femtoseconds, having FEL pulses as a probe, allow us to probe electrons and atoms in action. Additionally, since FEL pulses are in a new regime of intensity, they are opening up new research fields that exploit the interaction between intense short wavelength pulses and matter, leading to matter at extremely high energy. Relevant theories dealing with such extreme conditions are also rapidly growing.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)3-7
ページ数5
ジャーナルSynchrotron Radiation News
29
5
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2016 9 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 原子分子物理学および光学
  • 核物理学および高エネルギー物理学

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