We examined the presence of ubiquitin-immunoreactive skein-like inclusions (SLI) in the neostriatum and spinal cord in normal individuals and patients with different neurodegenerative diseases. Ubiquitin-immunoreactive SLI in the neostriatum were observed both in the normal individuals and in the patients with a variety of neurodegenerative diseases. In particular, SLI were frequently seen in normal aged subjects and certain neurodegenerative diseases, such as progressive supranuclear palsy and myotonic dystrophy. In contrast, the occurrence rate of SLI in cases with Pick's disease and multiple system atrophy tended to decrease. On the other hand, SLI in the spinal anterior horn were detected in cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, but not in any cases with other neurodegenerative diseases. SLI in the neostriatum were also identifiable using phosphotungstic acid-hematoxylin and Gomori trichrome staining. Ubiquitin immunoelectron microscopy demonstrated that the SLI in the neostriatum corresponded to bundles of filaments. These features of SLI in the neostriatum were quite similar to those of intracytoplasmic rod-like inclusions (RLI) in the large neurons of caudate nucleus, which were first described by Kojima and Ogawa in 1974. Our findings indicate that SLI in the neostriatum are ubiquitin-related structures whose occurrence increases by aging, and less frequently accompany several neurodegenerative diseases, and are identical to at least some RLI.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Clinical Neurology
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience