The extraordinary electronic properties of Dirac materials, the two-dimensional partners of Weyl semimetals, arise from the linear crossings in their band structure. When the dispersion around the Dirac points is tilted, one can predict the emergence of intricate transport phenomena such as modified Klein tunneling, intrinsic anomalous Hall effects, and ferrimagnetism. However, Dirac materials are rare, particularly with tilted Dirac cones. Recently, artificial materials whose building blocks present orbital degrees of freedom have appeared as promising candidates for the engineering of exotic Dirac dispersions. Here we take advantage of the orbital structure of photonic resonators arranged in a honeycomb lattice to implement photonic lattices with semi-Dirac, tilted, and, most interestingly, type-III Dirac cones that combine flat and linear dispersions. Type-III Dirac cones emerge from the touching of a flat and a parabolic band when synthetic photonic strain is introduced in the lattice, and they possess a nontrivial topological charge. This photonic realization provides a recipe for the synthesis of orbital Dirac matter with unconventional transport properties and, in combination with polariton nonlinearities, opens the way to study Dirac superfluids in topological landscapes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)