Two types of spermine synthase gene: MdACL5 and MdSPMS are differentially involved in apple fruit development and cell growth

Hiroyasu Kitashiba, Yu Jin Hao, Chikako Honda, Takaya Moriguchi

研究成果: Article査読

27 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Three cDNAs with high homology to spermine (Spm) synthases in Arabidopsis were isolated from apple [Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill. var. domestica (Borkh.) Mansf.]. MdACL5-1 and MdACL5-2 have high homology with ACL5 and MdSPMS has high homology with AtSPMS. The similarity of MdSPMS to spermidine synthases (SPDSs) was higher than that of MdACL5s, despite the fact that both are putative Spm synthases. However, MdSPMS could be discriminated from SPDSs by the presence of several characteristic amino acids, i.e., Val-149, Ser-161, Ala-205, and Val-235, in the decarboxylated S-adenosylmethionine (dcSAM)-binding motif of MdSPMS. Both MdACL5-1 and MdSPMS complemented Spm biosynthesis in a yeast mutant deficient in Spm synthase, and ectopic expression of MdACL5-1 in the Arabidopsis dwarf mutant acl5 allowed recovery of the normal phenotype. RNA gel blot analysis showed that MdACL5 and MdSPMS are differentially expressed in tissues and suspension cells. These results suggest that functional MdACL5 and MdSPMS are independently involved in apple fruit development and cell growth.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)101-111
ページ数11
ジャーナルGene
361
1-2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2005 11 21
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 遺伝学

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