This study proposes a two-scale topology optimization method for a microstructure (an in-plane unit cell) that maximizes the macroscopic mechanical performance of composite plates. The proposed method is based on the in-plane homogenization method for a composite plate model in which the macrostructure is modeled using thick plate theory and the microstructures are three-dimensional solids. Macroscopic plate characteristics such as homogenized plate stiffnesses and generalized thermal strains are evaluated through the application of numerical plate tests applied to an in-plane unit cell. To handle large rotations of the composite plates, we employ a co-rotational formulation that facilitates working with the two-scale plate model formulated within a small strain framework. Two types of objective functions are tested in the presented optimization problems: one minimizes the macroscopic end compliance to maximize the macroscopic plate stiffness, whereas the other maximizes components of a macroscopic nodal displacement vector. Analytical sensitivities are derived based on in-plane homogenization formulae so that a gradient-based method can be employed to update the topology of in-plane unit cells. Several numerical examples are presented to demonstrate the proposed method's capability related to the design of optimal in-plane unit cells of composite plates.
|ジャーナル||International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2018 2 24|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Numerical Analysis
- Applied Mathematics