Angiotensin (Ang) II stimulates proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) via its specific receptor AT1 subtype, possibly leading to atherosclerosis in hypertension. On the other hand, a cytokine interferon (IFN)-γ has been shown to have an anti-atherosclerotic effect. In the present study, we examined a possible role of IFN-γ in AT1 receptor gene regulation in VSMC. A firefly luciferase expression vector driven by the rat AT1a receptor gene promoter (~3.2 kb) was transfected into the cultured rat VSMC, and luciferase expression was determined to estimate the transcription function of the AT1a receptor gene promoter. RT-PCR was also carried out to determine mRNA expression of AT1a receptor in VSMC. IFN-γ treatment decreased AT1a receptor mRNA expression as well as luciferase expression in a dose-dependent manner. The analysis with deletion DNA fragments showed that the IFN-responsive element was located between -987 and -331 positions, where multiple GAS (gamma interferon activated site)-like elements were identified. The expression suppression was reversed by either a MAPKK inhibitor PD98059 or a Jak-2 inhibitor AG-490. These results suggest that IFN-γ can inhibit AT1 receptor expression at gene transcription level, and that the transcription suppression is dependent on MAP kinase and Jak-2. Inhibition of AT1a receptor expression may possibly be implicated in the anti-atherosclerotic action of IFN-γ in VSMC.
|ジャーナル||Biochemical and biophysical research communications|
|出版ステータス||Published - 1999 8 27|
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