Towards Mapping the Three-Dimensional Distribution of Water in the Transition Zone from P-Velocity Tomography and 660-Km Discontinuity Depths

Daisuke Suetsugu, Toru Inoue, Akira Yamada, Dapeng Zhao, Masayuki Obayashi

研究成果: Chapter

14 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

We estimate temperature anomalies and water content in the mantle transition zone from the depth of the "660-km discontinuity" and tomographically determined P-velocity anomalies. We assume a linear dependence of the discontinuity depths and P-velocity on temperature anomaly and water content. Beneath the Philippine Sea, where the Pacific plate is subducted, temperature anomalies are as low as -500K to -700 K within and near the stagnant Pacific slab and the water content is estimated to be in the range of 1-1.4 wt.%H2O. The west Philippine basin, away from the Pacific slab, does not have a significant temperature anomaly or water content. Beneath western Japan, where the Pacific slab is subducted, we obtain temperature anomalies up to -300 to -600 K and water content up to 1-1.5 wt.%H2O. Many problems remain to be solved for obtaining a definitive conclusion on the presence of water and quantitative estimates of temperature and water content. Estimates of the temperature anomaly and water content are highly sensitive to the input seismic parameters (the discontinuity depths and P-velocities) and the assumed dependence of the seismic parameters on temperature and water content determined from experimental studies. More accurate estimates of the seismic parameters and the experimental data measured under the pressure and temperature conditions of the mantle transition zone are necessary. Anelastic attenuation is probably enhanced by water, which might break down the linear dependence of the discontinuity depths and P-velocity on temperature anomaly and water content. A non-linear optimization approach using better seismic and experimental data may be required for obtaining more conclusive evidence for the presence of water.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルEarth's Deep Water Cycle
出版社Wiley-Blackwell
ページ237-249
ページ数13
ISBN(電子版)9781118666487
ISBN(印刷版)0875904335, 9780875904337
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2013 3月 19
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 地球惑星科学(全般)

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