Tochu (Eucommia ulmoides) leaf extract prevents ammonia and vitamin C deficiency induced gastric mucosal injury

Jing Yang, Katsuaki Kato, Kenji Noguchi, Naohiro Dairaku, Tomoyuki Koike, Katsunori Iijima, Akira Imatani, Hitoshi Sekine, Shuichi Ohara, Hironobu Sasano, Tooru Shimosegawa

研究成果: Article査読

24 被引用数 (Scopus)


The ingestion of dietary antioxidants, including vitamin C (VC), is suggested to play an important role in the prevention of gastric cancer associated with Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection. Recently, water extracts of Tochu (Du-zhong, Eucommia ulmoidea OLIVER) leaves (WETL) have been reported to have potent antioxidant and antimutagenic effects. The present study investigated the effect(s) of VC and WETL on gastric mucosal injury induced by ammonia and a VC deficient diet. Guinea pigs fed the water containing ammonia and/or a VC-deficient diet were simultaneously treated with WETL or VC. Intramucosal levels of thiobarubiturate reactive substances (TBARS), an index of lipid peroxidation, increased significantly in animals fed ammoniated water and VC-deficient diets. This was accompanied by accelerated cell proliferation and increases in immunohistochemical staining indices for oxidative stress-induced DNA adducts and strand breaks (e.g., BrdU-uptake, 8-OhdG, ssDNA and the TUNEL reaction). The administration of either WETL or VC to the ammoniated water and VC-deficient diets ameliorated the increases in intramucosal TBARS levels and labeling indices of BrdU, 8-OHdG, ssDNA and TUNEL, i.e., the levels were similar to those measured in the normal-fed control animals. These data suggest that insufficient VC ingestion may be an important risk factor for gastric cancer development in patients with HP infections. Furthermore, our results suggest that WETL or some constituent may contribute to the prevention of oxidative gastric injury that precedes carcinogenesis.

ジャーナルLife Sciences
出版ステータスPublished - 2003 11月 7

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学(全般)
  • 薬理学、毒性学および薬学(全般)


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