Higher levels of physical activity have been consistently associated with a lower risk of colon cancer in earlier epidemiological studies. The specific benefits of walking, however, remain relatively unexplored. In 1990, 20 519 men and 21 469 women in Japan completed a self-administered questionnaire including a question on time spent walking per day. During 7 years of follow-up, 260 cases of colorectal cancer were documented in 305 790 person-years. We used the Cox proportional hazards regression model to estimate the relative risk of incident cancer (colorectal, colon, and rectal) according to three levels of walking. Time spent walking was inversely associated with risk of colorectal cancer incidence in men. Compared with men who walked 0.5 h or less per day, the multivariate relative risks were 1.06 (95% confidence interval 0.72-1.57) for men who walked between 0.5 and 1 h per day, and 0.57 (95% confidence interval 0.38-0.83) for men who walked 1 h or more per day (P for trend=0.003). Time spent walking per day was associated with a lower risk of colon cancer in Japanese men but not in women, and there was no association between time spent walking and the risk of rectal cancer.
|ジャーナル||European Journal of Cancer Prevention|
|出版物ステータス||Published - 2007 10|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Cancer Research