Thermodynamically enhancing propionic acid degradation by using sulfate as an external electron acceptor in a thermophilic anaerobic membrane reactor

Wei Qiao, Kazuyuki Takayanagi, Qian Li, Mohammad Shofie, Fang Gao, Renjie Dong, Yu You Li

研究成果: Article査読

33 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

In this study, sulfate was employed as an external electron acceptor for enhancing the degradation of propionate in a thermophilic anaerobic membrane reactor (AnMBR). The organic loading rate (OLR) was increased gradually from the initial 3.9 kg-COD/m3d to the inhibiting OLR of 14.6 kg-COD/m3d. Feeding was stopped for 98 days but the process did not recover until 500 mg/L of sulfate was added into the AnMBR. After that, the enhanced propionate degradation was achieved up to an OLR of 15 kg-COD/m3d with a reduced sulfate addition of 300 mg/L. However, the thermodynamic calculation indicated that the syntrophic propionic acid degradation, coupled with methanogenesis, was unfavorable with a △G of +3 kJ/mol under the enhanced conditions. Conversely, the utilization of propionic acid by sulfate reduction bacterial (SRB) would be more favourable by having a much lower △G of −180 kJ/mol. The hydrogen conversion was presumed to go through the methanogenesis pathway according to the thermodynamic results. The mechanism of the propionic and hydrogen metabolism was supported as well by comparing the microbial communities with and without sulfate addition. As a result, the role of the sulfate enhancing propionic degradation can be concluded by combining the process performance, thermodynamic, and microbiology results.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)320-329
ページ数10
ジャーナルWater Research
106
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2016 12 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生態モデリング
  • 水の科学と技術
  • 廃棄物管理と処理
  • 汚染

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