The Sn-Ti-Zn ternary phase diagram has been constructed using the CALPHAD technique. The Ti-Zn binary system phase boundaries were determined using differential scanning calorimetry and the solid-liquid diffusion couples method. In addition, the formation energy of some stoichiometric compounds was obtained using first-principle band energy calculations. For the ternary system, some alloys were prepared by equilibration at 600 or 700°C, and the compositions of the precipitates were analyzed using electron probe microanalysis. Thermodynamic assessment of the Ti-Zn and Sn-Ti-Zn systems was performed based on the experimental information and by adopting reported values of the thermodynamic properties of the Sn-Zn and Sn-Ti binary systems. Microstructural observation showed that Sn 3Ti 5Zn 12 exists in the ternary system. Seven types of invariant reaction on the Sn-rich liquidus surface of the ternary system are predicted by the phase diagram calculations. The ternary eutectic point falls at 0.0009 mass% Ti and 8.69 mass% Zn, at T = 192.40°C, which is slightly lower than the calculated eutectic point of Sn-Zn binary alloy (T= 192.41°C). Based on these results, a nonequilibrium solidification process using the Scheil model was simulated.
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