The objective of this paper is the investigation of the correlations between crystal structure and the magnetization of Ni-Mn-Ga Heusler alloy. Thermal strain, permeability, and magnetization measurements of the ferromagnetic shape memory alloy Ni 52Mn 25Ga 23 were performed across the martensite transition temperature T M and reverse martensite transition temperature T R at atmospheric pressure. When cooling from the austenite phase, thermal strain steeply decreases because of martensite transition. Permeability suddenly increases at the Curie temperature T C=358 K, indicating ferromagnetism, and suddenly decreases to around T M=328 K. This indicates that the lattice transformation and magnetic phase transition correspond to each other. The percentage of contraction by martensite transition at T M and in a magnetic field is twice that in zero fields. Considering with other Ni-Mn-Ga alloys, it is supposed that the magnetic field influences the orientation of the easy c-axis along the magnetic field, and then the variant rearrangement occurs, and consequently, the variation in the strain between zero fields and non-zero field is observed. The measurement results indicate that the regions above and below T M or T R are the ferromagnetic-austenite (Ferro-A) and ferromagnetic-martensite (Ferro-M) phases, respectively. Magnetic phase diagrams were constructed from the results of the temperature dependence of thermal strain. T M and T R increase gradually with magnetic field. T M shift in magnetic fields (B) around zero magnetic field was estimated as dT M/dB=0.46 K/T, indicating that magnetization influences martensite transition and the dT M/dB value is the same as that of Ni 52Mn 12.5Fe 12.5Ga 23, thereby suggesting the Ferro-M to Ferro-A transition.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化学 (全般)