The role of exercise in the treatment of osteoporosis

Mehrsheed Sinaki, Michael Pfeifer, Elisabeth Preisinger, Eiji Itoi, René Rizzoli, Steven Boonen, Piet Geusens, Helmut W. Minne

研究成果: Review article査読

53 被引用数 (Scopus)


The objective of exercise in the treatment of osteoporosis is to improve axial stability through improvement of muscle strength. Therefore, a back extension exercise program specific to one's musculoskeletal competence and pain can be performed in a sitting position and later advanced to the prone position. When fragility is resolved, back extension is performed against resistance applied to the upper back. To decrease pain and immobility in acute vertebral fracture, use of spinal orthoses become inevitable. Therapeutic exercise should address osteoporosis-related deformities of axial posture, which can increase risk of fall and fracture. Strengthening of the major appendicular muscles decreases fragility. The effect of strengthening exercise is augmented by proper intake of cholecalciferol and calcium. Thus, the role of a therapeutic exercise program is to increase muscle strength safely, decrease immobility-related complications, and prevent fall and fracture. As with pharmacotherapy, therapeutic exercises are individualized.

ジャーナルCurrent Osteoporosis Reports
出版ステータスPublished - 2010 9月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 内分泌学、糖尿病および代謝内科学


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