The effect of open circuit immersion on the passivation behavior of amorphous Fe-8Cr-Mo-13P-7C alloys with 0, 2 and 6 at.% molybdenum by potentiostatic polarization in de-aerated 1 M HCl was investigated. The polarization was made at 400 mV (SCE) which is in the passive region of chromium but in the transpassive region of molybdenum, whereas the open circuit potential of these alloys is in the passive region of molybdenum but in the active region of chromium. Open circuit immersion of molybdenum-bearing alloys results in the formation of molybdenum-enriched passive film, but passivation at 400 mV is based on the formation of chromium-enriched passive film and the molybdenum-enriched film formed by open circuit immersion is converted to the chromium-enriched film at 400 mV. Polarization at 400 mV immediately after immersion leads to rapid enrichment of chromium to the level of 50% cations within 100 s, but polarization after open circuit immersion of molybdenum-bearing alloys for 10 min results in a gradual increase in chromium content to the level of 50% of cations in 5 h. The current density of molybdenum-bearing alloys after open circuit immersion is always higher than that of the alloys polarized immediately after immersion. Open circuit immersion of molybdenum-free alloy for 10 min gives rise to serious damage of the alloy surface and hence prevents passivation even if prolonged polarization is carried out.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化学 (全般)