The Rho-guanine nucleotide exchange factor Solo decelerates collective cell migration by modulating the Rho-ROCK pathway and keratin networks

Yusuke Isozaki, Kouki Sakai, Kenta Kohiro, Katsuhiko Kagoshima, Yuma Iwamura, Hironori Sato, Daniel Rindner, Sachiko Fujiwara, Kazunari Yamashita, Kensaku Mizuno, Kazumasa Ohashi

研究成果: Article査読

2 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Collective cell migration plays crucial roles in tissue remodeling, wound healing, and cancer cell invasion. However, its underlying mechanism remains unknown. Previously, we showed that the RhoA-targeting guanine nucleotide exchange factor Solo (ARHGEF40) is required for tensile force–induced RhoA activation and proper organization of keratin-8/keratin-18 (K8/K18) networks. Here, we demonstrate that Solo knockdown significantly increases the rate at which Madin-Darby canine kidney cells collectively migrate on collagen gels. However, it has no apparent effect on the migratory speed of solitary cultured cells. Therefore, Solo decelerates collective cell migration. Moreover, Solo localized to the anteroposterior regions of cell–cell contact sites in collectively migrating cells and was required for the local accumulation of K8/K18 filaments in the forward areas of the cells. Partial Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) inhibition or K18 or plakoglobin knockdown also increased collective cell migration velocity. These results suggest that Solo acts as a brake for collective cell migration by generating pullback force at cell–cell contact sites via the RhoA-ROCK pathway. It may also promote the formation of desmosomal cell–cell junctions related to K8/K18 filaments and plakoglobin.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)741-752
ページ数12
ジャーナルMolecular biology of the cell
31
8
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2020 3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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