Rural areas in Japan have experienced frequently natural disasters causing damage on the natural environment and the people, which have led to depopulation and aging. Fukushima is no exception to this rule. It would be elder generation that a responsibility to maintain their land while waiting the return of agricultural populations and younger generation depends on. Notwithstanding this difficult background, we could see innovative actions that farmers have started since the accident. Communicative ability that organic farmers have developed for a long time with consumers by direct selling and their way to adapt by trial and error has enabled them to establish a set of practices for sustainable use of a contaminated area. The resumption of agricultural activities and the recovery from the contamination require such innovative character, that organic farmer have fostered.