Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) and its derivative, oxazo pyrroloquinoline (OPQ‐G), protected rats from experimental liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) in vivo. This effect was observed after an intraperitoneal injection of 5 mg/kg PQQ or OPQ‐G, which was given twice, 10 min and 1 h before CCl4 administration. Pyrroloquinoline quinone protected primary cultured rat hepatocytes from CCl4 toxicity in vitro. This protection was most effective at a concentration of 3 μmol/L PQQ. Pyrroloquinoline quinone derivatives (oxazo pyrroloquinoline, methyl‐thioethyl oxazo pyrroloquinoline and PQQ‐allylester) also protected the hepatocytes from CCl4 toxicity. Pyrroloquinoline quinone and its derivatives inhibited the lucigenin‐enhanced chemiluminescence from isolated hepatocytes initiated by CCl4. These results suggest that eliminating free radicals is one of the protective mechanisms of PQQ and its derivatives against CCl4‐induced liver injury.
|ジャーナル||Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology|
|出版ステータス||Published - 1993 8|
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