Background:The Japan Society for Respiratory Endoscopy performed a nationwide survey to evaluate the current status and complications of bronchoscopy. Data on deaths due to bronchoscopy, complications after bronchoscopy, and particularly, complications of forceps biopsy were surveyed.Methods:The survey form was mailed to 532 facilities accredited by the society. The numbers of procedures, complications, and deaths were investigated.Results:The response rate was 79.1% (421 facilities). Deaths attributable to diagnostic bronchoscopy occurred in 11 (0.011%) of 98,497 cases.In regards to forceps biopsy, the guide sheath method was applied in 23,916 cases and the conventional method in 31,419 cases was done with conventional method. Complications of forceps biopsy developed in 1019 cases in total, with an incidence rate of 1.84%. The most frequent complication was pneumothorax (0.70%), followed by pneumonia/pleurisy (0.46%) and hemorrhage (0.45%). The incidence of hemorrhagic complication was significantly lower in the guide sheath group than in the non-guide sheath group (0.29% vs. 0.58%; P<0.001). The overall incidence of complications (1.63% vs. 2.00%; P=0.002) and the mortality rate (0% vs. 0.02%; P=0.04) were significantly lower in the guide sheath group.Conclusion:The incidence of hemorrhagic complications in forceps biopsy of peripheral pulmonary lesions was lower when the guide sheath method was applied. It is necessary to increase the awareness for safety control in diagnostic bronchoscopy for new procedures.
|ジャーナル||Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2020 10月 1|
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