The impact of intraocular pressure elevation on optic nerve head and choroidal blood flow

Naoki Kiyota, Yukihiro Shiga, Kohei Ichinohasama, Masayuki Yasuda, Naoko Aizawa, Kazuko Omodaka, Naoto Honda, Hiroshi Kunikata, Toru Nakazawa

研究成果: Article査読

11 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

PURPOSE. To use laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG) to assess blood flow (BF) in the optic nerve head (ONH) tissue and choroid during elevated intraocular pressure (IOP). METHODS. This prospective study included 20 eyes of 20 healthy volunteers. The testing protocol had a baseline phase, two elevated IOP phases (+10 and +20 mm Hg), and a recovery phase. IOP was elevated by pushing against the eyelid with a novel tubular device attached to the LSFG apparatus. Measurement parameters in each phase included: LSFGderived mean blur rate (MBR) and flow acceleration index (FAI); systemic parameters, and IOP. The % change against baseline was calculated for each phase. The protocol was repeated five times to calculate the coefficient of variation (CV) for % change MBR and to determine the effect of mydriasis on % change MBR. We compared % change MBR and FAI and evaluated the relationship between % change ocular perfusion pressure (OPP) and MBR in the choroid and ONH tissue. RESULTS. The % change MBR was highly reproducible (CV: 6.1–8.7%) and not affected by mydriasis (P = 0.57–0.96). The % change MBR and FAI were higher in the ONH tissue than choroid during IOP elevation (P = 0.04). The % change OPP and MBR showed positive linear correlations and two-segmental linear correlations in the choroid and ONH tissue, respectively (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION. Hemodynamics during IOP elevation differ in the choroid and ONH tissue. LSFG enables highly reproducible assessment of the dynamic autoregulation of ocular BF in the ONH tissue.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)3488-3496
ページ数9
ジャーナルInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
59
8
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2018 7

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 眼科学
  • 感覚系
  • 細胞および分子神経科学

フィンガープリント

「The impact of intraocular pressure elevation on optic nerve head and choroidal blood flow」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

引用スタイル