The effects of problem-types on selection of reasoning strategies in the four-card problem

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

It is generally recognized that people tends to select more confirmative strategy (seaching for confirming evidences) than falsificative strategy (searching for falsifying evidences) in hypothesis-testing. Such tendency is also assumed to explain the difficulty of the four-card problem (FCP) because hypothesis-testing is explicit in an ordinary FCP problem-type. Therefore problem-type in which hypothesis-testing is implicit will facilitate a selection of falsificative strategy. In a present study two FCP problem-types were set to undergraduates : a proposition-testing type and an example -testing type. The main results were as follows : (1) in the example-testing type, falsificative strategy was selected most; and no confirmative strategy was seen ; (2) the problem-types had no effect in the arbitrary propositions (having the arbitrary connection between the antecedent and consequent) ; and (3) selection of falsificative strategy in the example-testing type was seen essential to its selection in the proposition-testing type. These results suggested that it was premature to deny “thematic material effect” in FCP, and responses to FCP could be interpreted by the “Vygotsky's zone of proximal development”.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)143-152
ページ数10
ジャーナルThe Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology
39
2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 教育
  • 発達心理学および教育心理学

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