Amyloid β-protein precursor (APP) is transported mainly by kinesin-1 and at a higher velocity than other kinesin-1 cargos, such as Alcadein α (Alcα); this is denoted by the enhanced fast velocity (EFV). Interaction of the APP cytoplasmic region with kinesin-1, which is essential for EFV transport, is mediated by JNK-interacting protein 1 (JIP1). To determine the roles of interactions between the APP luminal region and cargo components, we monitored transport of chimeric cargo receptors, Alcα (luminal)–APP (cytoplasmic) and APP (luminal)–Alcα (cytoplasmic). Alcα-APP is transported at the EFV, whereas APP-Alcα is transported at the same velocity as wild-type Alcα. Thus, the cytoplasmic region of APP is necessary and sufficient for the EFV of APP transport by kinesin-1.
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