The Biosynthesis and Function of Polysaccharide Components of the Plant Cell Wall

Ryusuke Yokoyama, Naoki Shinohara, Rin Asaoka, Hideki Narukawa, Kazuhiko Nishitani

    研究成果: Chapter

    6 被引用数 (Scopus)

    抄録

    This chapter discusses the primary cell wall and the dynamic aspects of its major components, namely cellulose and matrix polysaccharides, in relation to its function. It describes the structural features of the cellulose microfibrils and two major matrix polysaccharides - pectin and hemicellulosel. The chapter then focuses on the general mechanisms of the synthesis of the two types of cell wall polysaccharides and how these polysaccharides are assembled into the dynamic architecture of the primary cell wall. It discusses the roles of XTH family enzymes and their specific substrates, xyloglucans, in determining cell shape in plants. Finally, the chapter focuses on pectin methylesterases (PMEs)-mediated modification of pectin and its biological significance in the determination of cell shape in plants.

    本文言語English
    ホスト出版物のタイトルPlant Cell Wall Patterning and Cell Shape
    出版社Wiley-Blackwell
    ページ1-34
    ページ数34
    ISBN(電子版)9781118647363
    ISBN(印刷版)9781118647370
    DOI
    出版ステータスPublished - 2014 12 3

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • 農業および生物科学(全般)

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