Purpose: To evaluate the association between ocular blood flow and biomarkers of systemic oxidative stress, as well as the potential of these biomarkers to assess normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). Methods: This study included 73 eyes of 73 patients with NTG. We assessed ocular blood flow by measuring mean blur rate (MBR) in the optic nerve head using laser speckle flowgraphy, both overall and separately in the vessel and tissue areas. We also measured urinary 8-hydroxy-2’-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and skin autofluorescence (SAF), and lastly, determined correlations between these measurements and with other clinical parameters. Results: SAF was correlated with age, circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (cpRNFLT), mean deviation (MD), and overall MBR (P = 0.003, P = 0.013, P = 0.015 and P = 0.006, respectively). SAF and 8-OHdG were both correlated with tissue-area MBR (P = 0.006 and P = 0.010, respectively). Visual acuity, cpRNFLT, mean deviation and tissue-area MBR had a significant tendency to change with NTG severity (P = 0.014, P < 0.001, P < 0.001 and P = 0.006, respectively). Multiple regression analysis revealed that cpRNFLT and 8-OHdG were independent contributing factors to MD (P < 0.001 and P = 0.040, respectively), and that cpRNFLT and 8-OHdG were independent contributing factors to tissue-area MBR (P = 0.005 and P = 0.028, respectively). Conclusions: We found a close relationship between cpRNFLT, MD, tissue MBR, SAF and 8-OHdG, suggesting that systemic oxidative stress is associated with decreased ocular blood flow and may be involved in the pathogenesis of NTG.
|ジャーナル||Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2016 2 1|
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