The association between role model presence and self-regulation in early adolescence: A cross-sectional study

Miharu Nakanishi, Syudo Yamasaki, Kaori Endo, Shuntaro Ando, Yuko Morimoto, Shinya Fujikawa, Sho Kanata, Yusuke Takahashi, Toshi A. Furukawa, Marcus Richards, Mariko Hiraiwa-Hasegawa, Kiyoto Kasai, Atsushi Nishida

研究成果: Article査読

3 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Purpose Self-regulation is the capacity to regulate attention, emotion, and behaviour to pursue long-term goals. The current study examined the associations between role model presence and self-regulation during early adolescence, controlling for hopefulness, using a large population-based data set from the Tokyo Teen Cohort study. Methods Adolescents, aged 12 years, identified a role model using a single item on a paper questionnaire: ‘Who is the person you most look up to?’ Level of hopefulness was also assessed using a single question: ‘To what extent do you feel hopeful about the future of your life?’ Trained investigators evaluated self-regulation. Results Of 2550 adolescents, 2279 (89.4%) identified a role model. After adjusting for level of hopefulness, identifying a role model was associated with higher levels of self-regulation in comparison to indications of no role model. Hopeful future expectations were also associated with higher self-regulation; however, the beta coefficient was smaller than role model presence in the multivariate linear regression analysis. Conclusions Role model presence was significantly associated with higher self-regulation among early adolescents. Educational environments should focus on support for adolescents with no role models.

本文言語English
論文番号e0222752
ジャーナルPloS one
14
9
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2019 9 1
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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 一般

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