In this study, the 1975 type Japanese diet was prepared and its effects and related mechanism were examined in mice. Mice were assigned to three experimental groups, the CD group fed a control diet, the MD group fed a modern Japanese diet (MD), and the JD group fed the 1975 type Japanese diet (JD) for 4 weeks. MD and JD were low protein, high fat, and high carbohydrate diets compared to the CD. Total white adipose tissue weights were significantly increased in the MD group compared to those in the CD group and were decreased in the JD group compared to those in the MD group. In the JD group, adipocyte hypertrophy was inhibited and Hsl mRNA expression was enhanced in epididymal adipose tissue and the number of bacteria associated with the production of short chain fatty acids was increased. Therefore, the JD inhibits lipid accumulation in white adipose tissue. Abbreviations: Actb: β-actin; ALT: alanine aminotransferase; ANOVA: analyses of variance; AST: aspartate aminotransferase; Fas: fatty acid synthase; G6pdx: glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase; HE: hematoxylin and eosin; HOMA-IR: Homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance; Hsl: hormone-sensitive lipase; JD: 1975 type Japanese diet; Leptin: leptin; MD: modern Japanese diet; Me: malic enzyme; NEFA: non-esterified fatty acids; PL: phospholipids; Pparδ: peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta; Pparγ: peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma; qRT-PCR: quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction; SAMP8: senescence-accelerated prone 8; SEM: standard error of the mean; Srebp1c: Sterol regulatory element binding protein 1c; TBARS: thiobarbituric acid reactive substance; TC: total cholesterol; TG: Triacylglycerol; V3: variable regions 3.
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