Testing a symptom-based surveillance system at high-profile gatherings as a preparatory measure for bioterrorism

K. Osaka, H. Takahashi, T. Ohyama

研究成果: Review article査読

17 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

We tested symptom-based surveillance during the G8 conference in 2000 as a means of detecting outbreaks, including bio-terrorism attacks, promptly. Five categories of symptoms (skin and haemorrhagic, respiratory, gastrointestinal, neurological and unexplained) were adopted for the case definition of the surveillance. The surveillance began 1 week before the conference, and continued until 1 week after the conference ended. We could not detect any outbreaks during this surveillance. Compared to the existing diagnosis-based surveillance system, symptom-based surveillance has the advantages of timeliness and simplicity. However, poor specificity and difficulties in determining epidemic threshold were important limitations of this system. To increase the specificity of surveillance, it is essential to incorporate rapid laboratory diagnoses into the system.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)429-434
ページ数6
ジャーナルEpidemiology and Infection
129
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2002 12
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 疫学
  • 感染症

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