Synthesis of ethyl levulinate over amino-sulfonated functional carbon materials

Haixin Guo, Yuta Hirosaki, Xinhua Qi, Richard Lee Smith

研究成果: Article査読

8 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Functional carbon materials (FCM) containing amino and sulfonate groups (NS-FCM) were prepared with one-pot hydrothermal carbonization of cellulose using ammonium formate and 5-sulfosalicylic acid additives. The catalytic materials were applied to levulinic acid or furfuryl alcohol substrates in ethanol solvent for synthesizing ethyl levulinate (EL). Catalytic activity of NS-FCM was found to be related to its sulfonate groups, while substrate selectivity of NS-FCM was found to be related to its amino groups as supported by equilibrium adsorption and reaction experiments. Pre-adsorbed LA substrate onto NS-FCM followed by ethanol treatment at reaction conditions achieved EL yields higher than 90% that is attributed to a selective adsorption and cooperative desorption mechanism. The activity of NS-FCM catalyst was stable for five reuse cycles, but lost about 10% of its activity from the third cycle that is attributed to adsorption of humin precursors onto active sites.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)951-958
ページ数8
ジャーナルRenewable Energy
157
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2020 9

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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