In our research, we have presented the controlled synthesis of Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) with a size of about 10 nm coated with SiO2 shells for bio-applications. On this basis, the controlled synthesis of Fe3O4-SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles and their surface functionalization with 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane (GPS) and 1,1′-carbonyldiimidazole (CDI) has been presented with a facile synthetic process. The as-prepared Fe3O4-SiO2-GPS-CDI core-multishell NPs can bind proteins. Therefore, recombinant protein A/G (pA/G) was efficiently coupled onto the surface of NPs via CDI groups, creating a complete coverage. Antibodies (αT IgG) were also conjugated on Fe3O4-SiO2-GPS-CDI-pA/G, i.e. 9 mg αT antibodies per 1 g NPs. After the surface functionalization of the magnetic nanoparticles, their superparamagnetism was reduced by a factor of about threefold in Fe3O4-SiO2, and fivefold in Fe3O4-SiO2-GPS-CDI-pA/G in comparison with that of the naked Fe3O4 NPs. The NPs conjugated with αT IgG could bind and remove 1 × 105 cells per 0.25 mg NPs in vitro. Finally, the new models of surface functionalization of magnetic nanoparticles have been proposed for promising bioconjugations in our further research.
|ジャーナル||Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2016|
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