We report electronic-structure and physical properties of metal-doped picene as well as selective synthesis of the phase that exhibits 18-K superconducting transition. First, Raman scattering is used to characterize the number of electrons transferred from the dopants to picene molecules, where a softening of Raman scattering peaks enables us to determine the number of transferred electrons. From this, we have identified that three electrons are transferred to each picene molecule in the superconducting doped picene solids. Second, we report pressure dependence of Tc in 7- and 18-K phases of K3picene. The 7-K phase shows a negative pressure dependence, while the 18-K phase exhibits a positive pressure dependence which can not be understood with a simple phonon mechanism of BCS superconductivity. Third, we report a synthesis method for superconducting K3picene by a solution process with monomethylamine CH3NH2. This method enables us to prepare selectively the K3picene sample exhibiting 18-K superconducting transition. The method for preparing K3picene with Tc = 18 K found here may facilitate clarification of the mechanism of superconductivity.
|ジャーナル||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2012 12月 17|
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