In this study, Graphite Oxide (GO) and Ag/Graphene nanocomposites were synthesized by solid-liquid sonochemical reactions easily and briefly. GO was synthesized by means of Hummers method using sonication or stirring. From XRD patterns and FT-IR spectra, chemical and physical effects of ultrasound promoted the oxidation of Graphite. Ag/graphene nanocomposites were synthesized from GO and silver oxide by sonication. UV-vis spectra showed the peaks of Graphene oxide and Ag nanoparticle plasmon resonance absorption. EDX images and electron diffraction patterns confirmed Ag nanoparticles were decorated on Graphene sheets by ultrasound. Using sonication, GO and Ag/Graphene nanocomposites could be synthesized easily in short time.