Yttrium-containing glass microspheres are already used clinically for radiotherapy of cancers, since the microspheres are activated to β-emitters by neutron bombardment and have a high chemical durability. The microspheres can irradiate cancer directly when they are injected into the tumor without irradiating neighboring normal tissues. Radioactive 90Y has, however, too short a half-life time. Phosphorus is also activated to a β-emitter by neutron bombardment and has a little longer half-life. In the present study, phosphorus (P+) ions were implanted into Y2O3-Al2O3-SiO2 glass plates at 200 keV with various doses in order to examine the possibility for enhancing the radiotherapeutic effect of the glass. No phosphorus was present at the surface for doses below 1×1017 cm-2, whereas phosphorus atoms were distributed up to the glass surface and a portion of them was oxidized at the surface for doses above 5×1017 cm-2. The glass plates implanted with doses of 5×1016 and 1×1017 cm-2 hardly released any Si, P, Al and Y into hot water at 95 °C even after soaking for 7 days, whereas appreciable amounts of elements implanted with doses above 5×1017 cm-2 were released from the surface into the hot water. It is considered that no release of the elements from the glass plates implanted with doses below 1×1017 cm-2 is attributed to the lack of presence of phosphorus at the glass surface. On the contrary, hygroscopic phosphorus oxide at the glass surface causes an appreciable release of the elements from the glass plates implanted with doses above 5×1017 cm-2. The results indicate that a Y2O3-Al2O3-SiO2 glass containing a large amount of phosphorus can be obtained without losing its high chemical durability when P+ ions are implanted at 200 keV with a dose up to 1×1017 cm-2.
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