The aim of this work was to study the effects of sound frequency, sound intensity and viscosity of slag on the slag foaming rate and the steady-state foam height. Experiments were carried out using two slags (BaO-B2O3) melted at a temperature of 1223 or 1273 K, as well as water-glycerin solutions at room temperature. Low frequency sound waves (< 1.3 kHz) are found to be more effective in the slag foaming suppression than high frequency waves (1.3-12 kHz). The steady-state foam height decreases abruptly when the sound pressure reaches a threshold value that depends on sound frequency and liquid viscosity. The results can be explained in terms of enhancing the rates of liquid drainage and film rupture induced by sound.
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