Formation of 8-nitroguanosine may be characterized as nucleic acid modification induced by nitric oxide (NO). We show here that 8-nitroguanosine is a highly redox-active nucleic acid derivative that strongly stimulated superoxide generation from various NADPH-dependent reductases, including cytochrome P450 reductase and all isoforms of NO synthase. This reaction involves these reductases in a redox cycling reaction via single-electron reduction of 8-nitroguanosine to form 8-nitroguanosine anion radical. One electron is then transferred from this radical to molecular oxygen. 8-Nitroguanosine formed in vivo may function as a potent redox cofactor that intensifies oxyradical generation by various NADPH/reductase-like enzymes and thus participates in diverse physiological and pathological events.
|ジャーナル||Biochemical and biophysical research communications|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2003 11 14|
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