To further demonstrate the substrate specificity of urate-anion exchanger in rat renal brush border membrane vesicles, the hydroxyl ion gradient-dependent [2-14C] urate uptake was studied by a rapid filtration technique. The [2-14C] urate uptake was more sensitive to unlabeled urate than to unlabeled xanthine and hypoxanthine. In addition, urate derivatives which are methylated at the positions 3 and 9 hardly inhibited the urate uptake. Because of the substrate specificity, the urate-anion exchanger in brush border membranes appears to selectively use urate as the endogenous substrate.
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