Study on an innovative fast reactor utilizing hydride neutron absorber - Final report of phase I study

Kenji Konashi, Tomohiko Iwasaki, Kunihiro Itoh, Mutsumi Hirai, Jkken Sato, Ken Kurosaki, Akihiro Suzuki, Yoshihito Matsumura, Shinji Abe

研究成果: Conference contribution

4 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

These days, the demand to use nuclear resources efficiently is growing for long-term energy supply and also for solving the green house problem. It is indispensable to develop technologies to reduce environmental load with the nuclear energy supply for sustainable development of human beings. In this regard, the development of the fast breeder reactor (FBR) is preferable to utilize nuclear resources effectively and also to burn minor actinides which possess very long toxicity for more than thousands years if they are not extinguished. As one of the FBR developing works in Japan this phase I study started in 2006 to introduce hafnium (Hf) hydride and Gadolinium-Zirconium (Gd-Zr) hydride as new control materials in FBR. By adopting them, the FBR core control technology is improved by two ways. One is extension of control rod life time by using long life Hf hydride which leads to reduce the fabrication and disposal cost and the other is reduction of the excess reactivity by adopting Gd-Zr hydride which leads to reduce the number of control rods and simplifies the core upper structure. This three year study was successfully completed and the following results were obtained. The core design was performed to examine the applicability of the Hf hydride absorber to Japanese Sodium Fast Reactor (JSFR) and it is clarified that the control rod life time can be prolonged to 6 years by adopting Hf hydride and the excess reactivity of the beginning of the core cycle can be reduced to half and the number of the control rods is also reduced to half by using the Gd-Zr hydride burnable poison. The safety analyses also certified that the core safety can be maintained with the same reliability of JSFR Hf hydride and Gd-Zr hydride pellets were fabricated in good manner and their basic features for design use were measured by using the latest devices such as SEM-EDX. In order to reduce the hydrogen transfer through the stainless steel cladding a new technique which shares colorizing (Aluminum diffusion coating) and oxidation was developed and the hydrogen transfer coefficient was drastically reduced. As the hydride compatibility with sodium was confirmed by the experiment, a sodium bonding pin was also developed along with the helium bonding pin. In addition, the hydrides were irradiated in the experimental Fast Reactor "Joyo" without any defects. The phase II study has started in 2009 to extend the research for the hydride absorber application to FBR.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルInternational Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants 2010, ICAPP 2010
ページ2098-2104
ページ数7
出版ステータスPublished - 2010 9 7
イベントInternational Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants 2010, ICAPP 2010 - San Diego, CA, United States
継続期間: 2010 6 132010 6 17

出版物シリーズ

名前International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants 2010, ICAPP 2010
3

Other

OtherInternational Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants 2010, ICAPP 2010
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period10/6/1310/6/17

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

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