Spiral arms in the asymmetrically illuminated disk of MWC 758 and constraints on giant planets

C. A. Grady, T. Muto, J. Hashimoto, M. Fukagawa, T. Currie, B. Biller, C. Thalmann, M. L. Sitko, R. Russell, J. Wisniewski, R. Dong, J. Kwon, S. Sai, J. Hornbeck, G. Schneider, D. Hines, A. Moro Martín, M. Feldt, Th Henning, J. U. PottM. Bonnefoy, J. Bouwman, S. Lacour, A. Mueller, A. Juhász, A. Crida, G. Chauvin, S. Andrews, D. Wilner, A. Kraus, S. Dahm, T. Robitaille, H. Jang-Condell, L. Abe, E. Akiyama, W. Brandner, T. Brandt, J. Carson, S. Egner, K. B. Follette, M. Goto, O. Guyon, Y. Hayano, M. Hayashi, S. Hayashi, K. Hodapp, M. Ishii, M. Iye, M. Janson, R. Kandori, G. Knapp, T. Kudo, N. Kusakabe, M. Kuzuhara, S. Mayama, M. McElwain, T. Matsuo, S. Miyama, J. I. Morino, T. Nishimura, T. S. Pyo, G. Serabyn, H. Suto, R. Suzuki, M. Takami, N. Takato, H. Terada, D. Tomono, E. Turner, M. Watanabe, T. Yamada, H. Takami, T. Usuda, M. Tamura

研究成果: Article査読

171 被引用数 (Scopus)


We present the first near-IR scattered light detection of the transitional disk associated with the Herbig Ae star MWC 758 using data obtained as part of the Strategic Exploration of Exoplanets and Disks with Subaru, and 1.1 μm Hubble Space Telescope/NICMOS data. While submillimeter studies suggested there is a dust-depleted cavity with r = 0.″35, we find scattered light as close as 0.″1 (20-28 AU) from the star, with no visible cavity at H, K′, or Ks . We find two small-scaled spiral structures that asymmetrically shadow the outer disk. We model one of the spirals using spiral density wave theory, and derive a disk aspect ratio of h ∼ 0.18, indicating a dynamically warm disk. If the spiral pattern is excited by a perturber, we estimate its mass to be 5+3-4 MJ , in the range where planet filtration models predict accretion continuing onto the star. Using a combination of non-redundant aperture masking data at L′ and angular differential imaging with Locally Optimized Combination of Images at K′ and Ks , we exclude stellar or massive brown dwarf companions within 300 mas of the Herbig Ae star, and all but planetary mass companions exterior to 0.″5. We reach 5σ contrasts limiting companions to planetary masses, 3-4 MJ at 1.″0 and 2 M J at 1.″55, using the COND models. Collectively, these data strengthen the case for MWC 758 already being a young planetary system.

ジャーナルAstrophysical Journal
出版ステータスPublished - 2013 1月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 天文学と天体物理学
  • 宇宙惑星科学


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