We investigate the efficiency of current-induced torque, i.e., the spin torque efficiency, in in-plane magnetized heavy metal/CoFeB/MgO heterostructures (heavy metals = Pt, W, and Ta) using the harmonic Hall technique and the spin Hall magnetoresistance. We find that the amplitude of the external magnetic field has a strong influence on the spin torque efficiency evaluation by the harmonic Hall measurements. This can be corrected by measuring the corresponding Hall resistance susceptibility. The sign and magnitude of the resulting Slonczewski-like spin torque efficiencies are in agreement with previous reports and the measurements utilizing the spin Hall magnetoresistance, except for the Pt underlayer films. The origin of the discrepancy for the Pt underlayer films is unclear. The field like torque efficiencies, upon subtracting the Oersted field contribution, are quite low or negligible. This is in significant contrast to what has been found for the field like torque in heterostructures with perpendicular magnetization. These results suggest that a more advanced model is required in order to describe accurately spin transport and momentum transfer at metallic interfaces.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)