Sonochemical effect and pore structure tuning of silica xerogel by ultrasonic irradiation of semi-solid hydrogel

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Silica xerogels were prepared by the sol-gel method under ultrasonic irradiation, using tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) as the starting material. Hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO) was used as the hydrophobizing agent. When preparing silica xerogel, it is necessary to perform aging and hydrophobization to suppress shrinkage during ambient pressure drying, however, such treatments are time-consuming. In this study, the semi-solid hydrogel was irradiated with ultrasonic for the first time in order to accelerate aging and hydrophobic treatment, and the effect of ultrasonic frequency on structure was investigated. Firstly, ultrasonic irradiation was performed at frequencies of 100 kHz and 500 kHz, followed by hydrophobic treatment at a frequency of 500 kHz, in order to promote aging. The results identify optimum conditions for ultrasonic irradiation to promote aging and hydrophobization reactions, and it was found to be possible to prepare silica xerogels in less than 1/5 of the conventional time. The silica xerogels had a low density and the shrinkage was suppressed. In this study, it was found that ultrasonic irradiation of semi-solid hydrogel was very effective for promoting the reaction.

本文言語English
論文番号105476
ジャーナルUltrasonics Sonochemistry
73
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2021 5

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 化学工学(その他)
  • 環境化学
  • 放射線学、核医学およびイメージング
  • 音響学および超音波学
  • 有機化学
  • 無機化学

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