We consider the Cauchy problem for the heat diffusion equation in the whole space consisting of three layers with different constant conductivities, where initially the upper and middle layers have temperature 0 and the lower layer has temperature 1. Under some appropriate conditions, it is shown that, if either the interface between the lower layer and the middle layer is a stationary isothermic surface or there is a stationary isothermic surface in the middle layer near the lower layer, then the two interfaces must be parallel hyperplanes. Similar propositions hold true, either if a stationary isothermic surface is replaced by a surface with the constant flow property or if the Cauchy problem is replaced by an appropriate initial-boundary value problem.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 数学 (全般)