Extraordinary optical transmission through Penrose metal hole arrays (PMHA) in the terahertz region is investigated numerically by using coupled-mode analysis. Spectral change of the transmittance is studied at resonant frequencies by increasing the number of holes and comparing the spectra of PMHA and a periodic metal hole arrays (MHA). While the resonant mode of MHA is excited in periodic order along one direction, the resonant mode on PMHA has a complicated shape. It seems that the propagating length of surface wave of PMHA is shorter than that of the MHA. Therefore, when the number of hole is increased, increasing rate of the resonant transmittance through PMHA is smaller than that through MHA. In addition, the transmission spectra for three kinds of generalized PMHA are analyzed numerically. Although the distributions of holes in these PMHA are different from each other in real space, the transmission spectra have almost the same shape. Consequently, the structure given by the aperture configuration of PMHA in reciprocal lattice space has stronger effects on extraordinary optical transmission through metal hole arrays, rather than that in real space.
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