Background: The inhibitory mechanism of Aβ42 aggregation by flavonoid is fully unknown. Results: The oxidant enhanced the inhibitory activity of (+)-taxifolin against Aβ42 aggregation by forming Aβ42-taxifolin adducts between the Lys residues and oxidized (+)-taxifolin. Conclusion: The inhibitory activity of catechol-type flavonoids requires autoxidation to form an o-quinone to react with Lys. Significance: These may help design promising inhibitors against Aβ42 aggregation for Alzheimer disease therapy.
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