SINTERING-INDUCED DUST RING FORMATION in PROTOPLANETARY DISKS: APPLICATION to the HL TAU DISK

Satoshi Okuzumi, Munetake Momose, Sin Iti Sirono, Hiroshi Kobayashi, Hidekazu Tanaka

研究成果: Article査読

157 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The latest observation of HL Tau by ALMA revealed spectacular concentric dust rings in its circumstellar disk. We attempt to explain the multiple ring structure as a consequence of aggregate sintering. Sintering is known to reduce the sticking efficiency of dust aggregates and occurs at temperatures slightly below the sublimation point of the constituent material. We present a dust growth model that incorporates sintering and use it to simulate global dust evolution due to sintering, coagulation, fragmentation, and radial inward drift in a modeled HL Tau disk. We show that aggregates consisting of multiple species of volatile ices experience sintering, collisionally disrupt, and pile up at multiple locations slightly outside the snow lines of the volatiles. At wavelengths of 0.87-1.3 mm, these sintering zones appear as bright, optically thick rings with a spectral slope of ≈2, whereas the non-sintering zones appear as darker, optically thinner rings of a spectral slope of ≈2.3-2.5. The observational features of the sintering and non-sintering zones are consistent with those of the major bright and dark rings found in the HL Tau disk, respectively. Radial pileup and vertical settling occur simultaneously if disk turbulence is weak and if monomers constituting the aggregates are ∼1 μm in radius. For the radial gas temperature profile of T = 310(r/1 au)-0.57 K, our model perfectly reproduces the brightness temperatures of the optically thick bright rings and reproduces their orbital distances to an accuracy of ≲30%.

本文言語English
論文番号82
ジャーナルAstrophysical Journal
821
2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2016 4 20
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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