The aim was to clinically evaluate the significance of the cognitive behavior treatment in the management of temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Subjects were composed of 88 patients selected from 122 consecutive outpatients (22 males and 66 females). A self-report of subjective symptoms was used as the outcome measures for the cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) session. After two months, symptoms had disappeared or improved in 85.2% of the patients who only undertook the cognitive behavior therapy. Although the one-group pretest-posttest design limits the results of this study, the effectiveness of the CBT suggested that the biopsychosocial interface might be a crucial factor in the management of TMD.
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